Family forerunners? Parental separation and partnership formation in 16 countries

April 13, 2021
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This paper looks at whether children whose parents separated are more likely to cohabit rather than get married. The researchers looked at the partnerships of more than 130,000 men and women in 16 countries over five birth cohorts spanning 50 years. The research – one of the first to look at partnership formation patterns across countries … Read more

Investigating the genetic architecture of noncognitive skills using GWAS-by-subtraction

April 7, 2021
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Little is known about the genetic architecture of traits affecting educational attainment other than cognitive ability. We used genomic structural equation modeling and prior genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of educational attainment (n = 1,131,881) and cognitive test performance (n = 257,841) to estimate SNP associations with educational attainment variation that is independent of cognitive ability. … Read more

Inequalities in Children’s Experiences of Home Learning during the COVID-19 Lockdown in England

April 7, 2021
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This paper combines novel data on the time use, home-learning practices and economic circumstances of families with children during the COVID-19 lockdown with pre-lockdown data from the UK Time Use Survey to characterise the time use of children and how it changed during lockdown, and to gauge the extent to which changes in time use … Read more

Estimation of intergenerational mobility in small samples: evidence from German survey data

April 7, 2021
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Using data from the German socio-economic panel, this paper provides new evidence on intergenerational mobility in Germany by focusing on intergenerational association in ranks—i.e. positions, which parents and children occupy in their respective income distributions. We find that the association of children’s ranks with ranks of their fathers is about 0.242 for individual labor earnings … Read more

Mental health outcomes of adults born very preterm or with very low birth weight: A systematic review

April 7, 2021
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Preterm birth research is poised to explore the mental health of adults born very preterm(VP;<32+0 weeks gestational age) and/or very low birth weight(VLBW;<1500g) through individual participant data meta-analyses, but first the previous evidence needs to be understood. We systematically reviewed and assessed the quality of the evidence from VP/VLBW studies with mental health symptoms or … Read more

Common Core Assessments in follow-up studies of adults born preterm – Recommendation of the Adults Born Preterm International Collaboration

April 7, 2021
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Background: Of all newborns, 1%-2% are born very preterm (VP; <32 weeks) or with very low birthweight (VLBW; ≤1500 g). Advances in prenatal and neonatal care have substantially improved their survival, and the first generations who have benefited from these advances are now entering middle age. While most lead healthy lives, on average these adults … Read more

Formal differentiation at upper secondary education in Finland: subject-level choices and stratified pathways to socio-economic status and unemployment

March 31, 2021
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This paper looks at how Finnish students’ track placement at upper secondary school is associated with their later-life socio-economic status and probability of unemployment using high-quality full population register data. The study finds that choosing advanced maths – in a system where students are given the freedom to make their own subject-level decisions – leads … Read more

Does tracking really affect labour-market outcomes in the long run? Estimating the long-term effects of secondary-school tracking in West Germany

March 31, 2021
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This paper investigates to what extent track attendance in secondary education affects labour-market prospects of West German individuals with similar starting conditions. The article also focuses on whether track attendance has a role in widening social inequality. Using pooled data from two panel studies on West Germans born between 1964 and 1986, the researchers investigate … Read more

Tracking in Israeli high schools: social inequality after 50 years of educational reforms

March 31, 2021
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This paper looks at how the Israeli system of sorting children into one of five programmes for their upper secondary school education affects their higher education attainment and earning prospects in their early thirties. The research is set in the context of three major programmes of education reform that have taken place in Israel since … Read more

From villain to hero: trans men and non-binary persons as care providers in Southern Europe

March 25, 2021
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This article looks at experiences of caring among trans and non-binary adults in Southern Europe, viewing this as a positive story which can redress what the author sees as skewed representations of this community, focusing traditionally on victimisation, violence and health problems. The study came out of the INTIMATE project, which took place between 2014 … Read more

Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course (DIAL) is a multi-disciplinary research programme consisting of thirteen European projects. The projects examine the sources, structures and consequences of inequalities in contemporary societies. The programme is funded by NORFACE for the period 2017–2021.

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This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 724363

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