DIAL Final Conference

October 21, 2021

DIAL’s final conference will take place in Brussels on 21st and 22nd of October 2021. To receive more information about the conference programme and registration, please sign up for DIAL newsletter at the bottom of this page.

Associations Between Maternal Antenatal Corticosteroid Treatment and Mental and Behavioural Disorders in Children

April 16, 2021
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Babies whose mothers are treated with steroid drugs during pregnancy are significantly more likely to suffer from later mental and behavioural disorders, this research finds. The study looks at data on 670,000 children born in Finland between 2006 and 2017 and assesses whether the drugs – commonly administered to help a foetus mature when premature … Read more

The heterogeneous effects of parental unemployment on siblings’ educational outcomes

April 14, 2021
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This study looks at the long-term effects of parental unemployment on children’s education. It finds that while there are negative impacts if the unemployment is during adolescence, there are, on average, none if it happens in early childhood. The researchers used data based on a 10 per cent sample of the adult population of Finland, … Read more

Subjective Well-Being and Self-Esteem in Preterm Born Adolescents: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis

April 14, 2021
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This paper looks at the self-reported well-being and self-esteem of adolescents born very preterm and moderate to late preterm compared with those born full-term. Using information on around 14,500 people born In the UK, Germany and Switzerland, and whose lives were tracked into adolescence, the researchers found no difference between the general well-being around family, … Read more

Family size and economic wellbeing following divorce: The United States in comparative perspective

April 14, 2021
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Do childless women fare better economically than mothers after divorce? And do mothers with many children suffer more than those with small families? This study compares data from a panel study in the United States with similar information from studies in Germany, the United Kingdom and Australia. It finds that the household incomes of women … Read more

Should Germany have built a new wall? Macroeconomic lessons from the 2015-18 refugee wave

April 14, 2021
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This research uses economic data modelling to look at whether the arrival of large numbers of refugees in 2015-16 depressed wages in Germany. It concludes that while some low-skilled natives did suffer, this effect was more than compensated for by welfare benefits to older residents. The researchers used data capturing the arrival of more than … Read more

Trends in Absolute Income Mobility in North America and Europe

April 14, 2021
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This paper looks at trends in social mobility in eight wealthy countries and finds significant differences between them. It compares the real incomes of parents and children born between 1960 and 1987, linking the two generations where possible. Where this is not possible, absolute movements between generations are inferred by combining information on moves up … Read more

Stop Meta-Analyzing, Start Instrumenting: Maximizing the Predictive Power of Polygenic Scores

April 14, 2021
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Polygenic scores have become the workhorse for empirical analyses in social-science genetics. Because a polygenic score is constructed using the results of finite-sample Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWASs), it is a noisy approximation of the true latent genetic predisposition to a certain trait. The conventional way of boosting the predictive power of polygenic scores is to … Read more

A new blog post by CILIA-LGBTQI+ project explores the connections between life courses and literate lives

April 13, 2021
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In CILIA-LGBTQI+ project’s blog post, Dr. Navan Govender explores the connections between lifecourses and the literate lives we lead. Dr. Govander asks what might the value be in recognising the literate lives we actually lead – considering the continued, and persistent, dominance of heteropatriarchal and cisnormativities, as well as the various ways in which they … Read more

Measuring educational inequality of opportunity: pupil’s effort matters

April 13, 2021
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This research uses a specially-designed survey in secondary schools in rural Bangladesh to look at the role of student effort in educational achievements and as a factor in overcoming disadvantage and inequality. The researchers looked at the test results of Bangladeshi schoolchildren in mathematics and English and evaluated the importance of effort relative to their … Read more

Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course (DIAL) is a multi-disciplinary research programme consisting of thirteen European projects. The projects examine the sources, structures and consequences of inequalities in contemporary societies. The programme is funded by NORFACE for the period 2017–2021.

EU flag shown in acknowledgment of EU funding

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 724363

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