Journal Article

Compensatory and multiplicative advantages: Social origin, school performance, and stratified higher education enrolment in Finland

This research finds that even in Finland, enrolling in higher education depends on students’ school performance and their parents’ education. The study uses register data from Finland, where students take entrance exams for higher education and where the education system involves both universities and polytechnics, to look at how social origin and school performance is … Read more

Cross-country differences in anxiety and behavioral response to the Covid-19 pandemic

Authors: Zafer Buyukkececi,
Issue: 2020
Themes:

This research uses the COVID-19 Attitudes and Beliefs survey to look at the anxiety levels and behaviour responses of nearly 100,000 people in 54 countries during March 20 2020 and May 21 2020. It goes on to link the findings to the economic preferences and development of those countries. Findings show that women were more … Read more

Parenthood Wage Gaps across the Life-Course: An Intersectional Comparison by Gender and Race

Read a longer summary from Zachary Van Winkle’s website. This paper aims to assess how parenthood wage gaps vary across individual lives for different gender and race groups in the United States. The research uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79 and NLSY97) covering the years 1979–2003 to map parenthood wage gaps … Read more

Trajectories of Life Satisfaction Before, Upon, and After Divorce: Evidence From a New Matching Approach

The new DIAL working paper by Scheppingen and Leopold Trajectories of Life Satisfaction Before, Upon, and After Divorce: Evidence from a New Matching Approach analyses how divorce influences life satisfaction. The results indicate that life satisfaction declines among divorcees, and that some declines last at least five years after the divorce. Van Scheppingen and Leopold … Read more

Intergenerational mobility, intergenerational effects, sibling correlations, and equality of opportunity: A comparison of four approaches

This working paper is also available in Swedish: Björklund, Anders och Markus Jäntti (2020), ”Hur viktig är familjebakgrunden för ekonomiska utfall? En jämförelse av fyra ansatser”, Ekonomisk Debatt årg 48:4, p.36-44. This paper compares four different ways of researching how family background affects our educational attainment and earnings: looking at intergenerational mobility; looking at how … Read more

Inequality of socio-emotional skills: a cross-cohort comparison

This paper shows that inequality in a crucial dimension of human capital – socio-emotional skills at age five – increased dramatically between two cohorts of British children born in 1970 and 2000. The authors used data from the British Cohort Study and the Millennium Cohort Study, which followed two cohorts of children born in 1970 … Read more

COVID‐19 and Inequalities

This paper brings together evidence from various data sources and the most recent studies to describe what we know so far about the impacts of the COVID‐19 crisis on inequalities across several key domains of life, including employment and ability to earn, family life and health. We show how these new fissures interact with existing … Read more

The Challenges for Labour Market Policy during the COVID‐19 Pandemic

The COVID‐19 pandemic is having a dramatic economic impact in most countries. In the UK, it has led to sharp falls in labour demand in many sectors of the economy and to initial acute labour shortages in other sectors. Much more than in a typical downturn, the current crisis is not simply a general slowdown … Read more

Sources of change in the primary and secondary effects of social class origin on educational decisions: evidence from Denmark, 2002–2016

Authors: Jesper Fels Birkelund,
Issue: 2020
Themes: ,

It is well-known that pupils from poorer backgrounds are more likely than their peers to take vocational rather than academic routes in upper secondary school – but what drives this? Does social class status itself lead to these decisions, or is there a mediating factor at play: that pupils from less well-off homes tend to … Read more

Heterogeneity in unemployment dynamics: (Un)observed drivers of the longitudinal accumulation of risks

We know those in unemployment are at increased risk of being unemployed again, but is this a causal relationship between past and future risks? This paper, based on large-scale data from four European countries, answer to this question disentangling the effect of past unemployment from the effect of other factors which may also be at … Read more