Income and wealth

Family size and economic wellbeing following divorce: The United States in comparative perspective

Do childless women fare better economically than mothers after divorce? And do mothers with many children suffer more than those with small families? This study compares data from a panel study in the United States with similar information from studies in Germany, the United Kingdom and Australia. It finds that the household incomes of women … Read more

Should Germany have built a new wall? Macroeconomic lessons from the 2015-18 refugee wave

This research uses economic data modelling to look at whether the arrival of large numbers of refugees in 2015-16 depressed wages in Germany. It concludes that while some low-skilled natives did suffer, this effect was more than compensated for by welfare benefits to older residents. The researchers used data capturing the arrival of more than … Read more

Trends in Absolute Income Mobility in North America and Europe

This paper looks at trends in social mobility in eight wealthy countries and finds significant differences between them. It compares the real incomes of parents and children born between 1960 and 1987, linking the two generations where possible. Where this is not possible, absolute movements between generations are inferred by combining information on moves up … Read more

Estimation of intergenerational mobility in small samples: evidence from German survey data

Using data from the German socio-economic panel, this paper provides new evidence on intergenerational mobility in Germany by focusing on intergenerational association in ranks—i.e. positions, which parents and children occupy in their respective income distributions. We find that the association of children’s ranks with ranks of their fathers is about 0.242 for individual labor earnings … Read more

Tracking in Israeli high schools: social inequality after 50 years of educational reforms

This paper looks at how the Israeli system of sorting children into one of five programmes for their upper secondary school education affects their higher education attainment and earning prospects in their early thirties. The research is set in the context of three major programmes of education reform that have taken place in Israel since … Read more

No Stratified Effect of Unemployment on Incomes: How the Market, State, and Household Compensate for Income Loss in the United Kingdom and Switzerland

This paper looks at the loss of income in the two years after unemployment in the UK and in Switzerland and finds that while lower income groups are more vulnerable to becoming unemployed, they are not necessarily more vulnerable to its consequences. The researchers used data on more than 35,000 people who took part in … Read more

Economic Distress and Support for Radical Right Parties – Evidence from Sweden

Authors:
Issue: 2020
Themes: ,

Updated version of the working paper available (2nd February 2021)   This paper investigates whether there are any links between being made unemployed and increasing support for radical right-wing political parties. The research uses Swedish election data to show that for every layoff notice among low-skilled native-born workers, support for the country’s radical right party … Read more

DIAL Policy Brief No. 1 ‘Toward a gender-equal Europe: What can policymakers learn from the Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course (DIAL) research?’

There are a number of key European policy agendas related to gender equality on which the DIAL research can shed light. This policy brief gives an overview of early findings from DIAL projects in this area. Key Findings: Family policies are linked to differences in earnings and wealth in mid-life across Europe. Investments in skills … Read more

Parenthood Wage Gaps across the Life-Course: An Intersectional Comparison by Gender and Race

Read a longer summary from Zachary Van Winkle’s website. This paper aims to assess how parenthood wage gaps vary across individual lives for different gender and race groups in the United States. The research uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79 and NLSY97) covering the years 1979–2003 to map parenthood wage gaps … Read more

COVID‐19 and Inequalities

This paper brings together evidence from various data sources and the most recent studies to describe what we know so far about the impacts of the COVID‐19 crisis on inequalities across several key domains of life, including employment and ability to earn, family life and health. We show how these new fissures interact with existing … Read more