The many faces of inequality – highlights from the dial mid-term conference

August 15, 2019
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This summary captures a three-day programme of presentations and panel discussions at the mid-term conference organised by Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course (DIAL), which took place from 6–8 June 2019 in Turku, Finland. The conference brought together over 90 researchers from many of the DIAL research projects as well as representatives from various international … Read more

Intergenerational mobility, intergenerational effects, sibling correlations, and equality of opportunity: a comparison of four approaches

August 13, 2019
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This working paper is also available in Swedish: Björklund, Anders och Markus Jäntti (2020), ”Hur viktig är familjebakgrunden för ekonomiska utfall? En jämförelse av fyra ansatser”, Ekonomisk Debatt årg 48:4, p.36-44. This paper compares four different ways of researching how family background affects our educational attainment and earnings: looking at intergenerational mobility; looking at how … Read more

Áine Ní Léime: The road to retirement – is it an equal one for people in sedentary and physically demanding jobs?

July 30, 2019
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Download this episode In Episode 8 of the DIAL Podcast, Dr Áine Ní Léime from the National University of Ireland talks about her research looking at the work trajectories of people in sedentary and physically demanding jobs and what that means for their health as they approach retirement in a policy context where they are … Read more

Divorced and Unemployed: the Declining Association between Two Critical Lifecourse States in the UK, 1984-2017

July 26, 2019
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This paper aims to establish the prevalence of people in the UK who are either divorced or separated and also unemployed (DSU). It also investigates whether education level or gender influences the likelihood of an individual being part of this sub-group of the population. Using data covering the period 1984-2017 from large-scale national surveys in … Read more

Rachel Robinson: Optimist or pessimist? Pre-term personalities and later life chances

July 15, 2019
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Download this episode In Episode 7 of the DIAL Podcast, Rachel Robinson from the University of Helsinki discusses her research looking at whether pre-term babies are more likely to be pessimists or optimists and the implications for how they get on as young adults. The research is part of the NORFACE-funded PremLife Project  looking at adaptation and … Read more

Tracking in the Italian Education System

July 12, 2019
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In this report, we provide an overview of tracking, that is the choice of the type of secondary school, in Italy. First, we describe the structure of the Italian education system and its main reforms. We detail broad and curricular tracking both between and within schools. We focus on upper secondary school, since in Italy … Read more

Tracking and Sorting in the German Educational System. Literature review and analyses of the birth cohorts 1970-1980

July 12, 2019
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This report reviews the key modes of creating social dispersion in the German educational system by sorting students into distinct groups based on performance or choice. It describes the basic structure of the German educational system and the specific modes of sorting at the different stages of education from early childhood education and care until … Read more

Tracking and Sorting in the French Educational System

July 12, 2019
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This paper provides an overview of tracking policies in secondary education in France. Drawing on two large datasets on educational trajectories and labour-market outcomes, it identifies patterns of social inequalities associated with track allocation in secondary education. It assesses the long-term consequences of track assignment and its mediating role in the association between social origin … Read more

Tracking and sorting in the Finnish educational system

July 12, 2019
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This report gives a brief overview of educational tracking and sorting in the Finnish educational system. In Finland, students are divided into different tracks relatively late even though between and within-school tracking exists at all educational levels in some forms. In this report, we present descriptive empirical analyses of long-term consequences of educational tracking by … Read more

Educational tracking and sorting in England

July 12, 2019
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This report provides an overview and brief literature review of the English education system and the relevant educational reforms in relation to educational tracking and sorting. We employ the term ‘tracking’ when referring to formal educational differentiation, while ‘sorting’ refers to informal educational differentiation. The main objective is to provide a descriptive empirical analysis that … Read more

Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course (DIAL) is a multi-disciplinary research programme consisting of thirteen European projects. The projects examine the sources, structures and consequences of inequalities in contemporary societies. The programme is funded by NORFACE for the period 2017–2021.

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This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 724363

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