DIAL Policy Brief No. 4 ‘Life-course insights on unemployment: What can policymakers learn from Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course (DIAL) research?’

Authors: Christine Garrington, Elina Kilpi-Jakonen,
Issue: 2021
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There are a number of key European policy agendas related to health on which the DIAL research can shed light. This policy brief gives an overview of findings from DIAL projects in this area.

Key Findings

  • The education and working lives of adolescents and young people continue to be negatively and disproportionately affected by unemployment – young people need greater support at school and as they move into work
  • Persistent unemployment is associated with relationship breakdown, and even a short spell of unemployment for men increases this risk
  • Past unemployment is a clear indicator of future and persistent unemployment – better access to individual and tailor-made support is needed for those out of work for 12 months or more
  • Well-off workers are as vulnerable to the consequences of unemployment as less well-off although those on very low incomes remain most vulnerable
  • The second generation of immigrant origin is no more likely to be persistently unemployed than people with native-born parents