This research looks at young Jewish and Palestinian Israeli women to see whether leading a more advantaged family and work life is linked to their ethnicity and background.
It shows that Jewish women are substantially more likely to be in better paid more stable jobs whilst their Palestinian counterparts were more likely to be at home with large families.
The study uses newly-available data from the State of Israel Central Bureau of Statistics which has made it possible for the first time to track the family and working lives of people over time.
Family of origin and local opportunities that were available to the women where they lived explained most but not all of the ethnic and religious differences in who was leading a more disadvantaged life.
When it came to who enjoyed the more advantaged life courses, these background factors played less of a role, suggesting that these types of lives are predominantly accessible to Jewish Israeli women above and beyond the structural opportunities of where they live.
The research also identified a previously unnoticed but sizeable group of never-married childless Jewish women with irregular employment, mostly living in urban areas. The researchers say this may reflect the precarious and delayed work-family lives of Millennials.