Gender roles and selection mechanisms across contexts: A comparative analysis of the relationship between unemployment, self-perceived health, and gender

This paper looks at gender differences in the way unemployment impacts on health. It finds on average women suffer less from unemployment than men, and this effect is more pronounced in countries with traditional gender roles than in more egalitarian societies. The researchers wanted to know if the negative effect of unemployment is stronger among … Read more

Compensatory and multiplicative advantages: Social origin, school performance, and stratified higher education enrolment in Finland

This research finds that even in Finland, enrolling in higher education depends on students’ school performance and their parents’ education. The study uses register data from Finland, where students take entrance exams for higher education and where the education system involves both universities and polytechnics, to look at how social origin and school performance is … Read more

Does re-partnering behavior spread among former spouses?

Authors: Zafer Buyukkececi,
Issue: 2020
Themes:

This study investigates whether divorcees who re-partner play a role in their former spouse’s decisions to do the same. The researchers used administrative data from Statistics Netherlands to look at divorcees who remarried or lived with a new partner and the likelihood of their former spouse doing the same soon after and showed this was … Read more

The Interplay between Maternal Smoking and Genes in Offspring Birth Weight

This paper looks at the relationships between genes, smoking, and birth weight. It finds that each additional daily cigarette smoked during pregnancy reduces birthweight by between 20 and 40 grams, regardless of the childs’s genetic predisposition. The researchers used information from a sample of 5000 mother-baby pairs in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and … Read more

Cross-country differences in anxiety and behavioral response to the Covid-19 pandemic

Authors: Zafer Buyukkececi,
Issue: 2020
Themes:

This research uses the COVID-19 Attitudes and Beliefs survey to look at the anxiety levels and behaviour responses of nearly 100,000 people in 54 countries during March 20 2020 and May 21 2020. It goes on to link the findings to the economic preferences and development of those countries. Findings show that women were more … Read more

The heterocisnormative glass ceiling: a literature and survey review of LGBTQI+ discrimination in the workplace in Portugal

Drawing on work done within the CILIA LGBTQI+ study in Portugal, this paper analyses existing literature on the tangible and symbolic effects of workplace practices. The paper uses qualitative surveys by Portuguese NGOs along with a review of scholarly work to identify patterns of inequality which affect the professional lives of people with non-normative sexual … Read more

Work and family life courses among Jewish and Israeli-Palestinian Women in Israel

This research looks at young Jewish and Palestinian Israeli women to see whether leading a more advantaged family and work life is linked to their ethnicity and background. It shows that Jewish women are substantially more likely to be in better paid more stable jobs whilst their Palestinian counterparts were more likely to be at … Read more

Economic Distress and Support for Radical Right Parties – Evidence from Sweden

Economic Distress and Support for Radical Right Parties – Evidence from Sweden This paper investigates whether there are any links between being made unemployed and increasing support for radical right-wing political parties. The research uses Swedish election data to show that for every layoff notice among low-skilled native-born workers, support for the country’s radical right … Read more

DIAL Policy Brief No. 1 ‘Toward a gender-equal Europe: What can policymakers learn from the Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course (DIAL) research?’

There are a number of key European policy agendas related to gender equality on which the DIAL research can shed light. This policy brief gives an overview of early findings from DIAL projects in this area. Key Findings: Family policies are linked to differences in earnings and wealth in mid-life across Europe. Investments in skills … Read more

The effect of unemployment on couples separating. Panel evidence for Germany, Switzerland and the United Kingdom

This research looks at how unemployment affects the risk of separation for heterosexual couples living together in Germany, Switzerland and the UK. The findings show a doubling of the separation rate from 2 to 4 percent after an unemployment spell. The picture was the same whether it was the man or the woman who was … Read more