The gender pay gap in the UK: children and experience in work

This paper documents the evolution of the gender pay gap in the UK over the past three decades and its association with fertility, examining the role of men’s and women’s career patterns and how they change with the arrival of a first child. The researchers find that the different working experiences of men and women, … Read more

Queer(y)ing Agent-Based Modelling: An example from LGBTQ workplace studies

This paper explores the ways in which Agent Based Modelling (ABM) can contribute to the study of LGBTQ lives, and conversely, how theory and insights from LGBTQ studies can inform the practice of ABM. In doing so, it introduces an example model of LGBTQ workplace inequality to illustrate several uses and challenges associated with research … Read more

Hur viktig är familjebakgrunden för ekonomiska utfall? En jämförelse av fyra ansatser

Authors: ,
Issue: 2020
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Artikeln granskar fyra ansatser att studera familjebakgrundens betydelse för de ekonomiska utfallen inkomst och utbildningsår. Föräldrars och barns inkomster och utbildning samvarierar positivt, men sambanden förklarar bara en liten del av variationen i ekonomiska utfall och är i liten utsträckning kausala. Den starka kopplingen mellan syskons utfall ger däremot skäl att tro att familjebakgrunden, i … Read more

Social origins, track choices and labour-market outcomes: evidence from the French case

This paper examines the consequences of following an academic versus vocational path in upper secondary school in France in terms of job attainment and earnings at the entrance into the labour market. Using rich nationally representative longitudinal data running from the beginning of secondary education until entrance into the labour market, the researchers identify the … Read more

The complexity of employment and family life courses across 20th century Europe: More evidence for larger cross-national differences but little change across 1916‒1966 birth cohorts

This paper looks at whether the work and family lives of people living in Europe became more unstable across the 20th century. It finds that family and work lives have become more unstable and unpredictable, but not nearly to the extent thought by scholars and the general public alike. However, there were large differences between … Read more

A decade of research on the genetics of entrepreneurship: a review and view ahead

Authors: , ,
Issue: 2021
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Studies analyzing the heritability of entrepreneurship indicate that explanations for why people engage in entrepreneurship that ignore genes are incomplete. However, despite promises that were solidly backed up with ex ante power calculations, attempts to identify specific genetic variants underlying the heritable variation in entrepreneurship have until now been unsuccessful. We describe the methodological issues … Read more

The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence

Education is strongly associated with better health and longer lives. However, the extent to which education causes health and longevity is widely debated. We develop a human capital framework to structure the interpretation of the empirical evidence and review evidence on the causal effects of education on mortality and its two most common preventable causes: … Read more

Associations Between Maternal Antenatal Corticosteroid Treatment and Mental and Behavioural Disorders in Children

Babies whose mothers are treated with steroid drugs during pregnancy are significantly more likely to suffer from later mental and behavioural disorders, this research finds. The study looks at data on 670,000 children born in Finland between 2006 and 2017 and assesses whether the drugs – commonly administered to help a foetus mature when premature … Read more

The heterogeneous effects of parental unemployment on siblings’ educational outcomes

Authors: , ,
Issue: 2021
Themes: ,

This study looks at the long-term effects of parental unemployment on children’s education. It finds that while there are negative impacts if the unemployment is during adolescence, there are, on average, none if it happens in early childhood. The researchers used data based on a 10 per cent sample of the adult population of Finland, … Read more

Subjective Well-Being and Self-Esteem in Preterm Born Adolescents: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis

This paper looks at the self-reported well-being and self-esteem of adolescents born very preterm and moderate to late preterm compared with those born full-term. Using information on around 14,500 people born In the UK, Germany and Switzerland, and whose lives were tracked into adolescence, the researchers found no difference between the general well-being around family, … Read more