DIAL Policy Brief No. 1 ‘Toward a gender-equal Europe: What can policymakers learn from the Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course (DIAL) research?’

There are a number of key European policy agendas related to gender equality on which the DIAL research can shed light. This policy brief gives an overview of early findings from DIAL projects in this area. Key Findings: Family policies are linked to differences in earnings and wealth in mid-life across Europe. Investments in skills … Read more

The effect of unemployment on couples separating. Panel evidence for Germany, Switzerland and the United Kingdom

This research looks at how unemployment affects the risk of separation for heterosexual couples living together in Germany, Switzerland and the UK. The findings show a doubling of the separation rate from 2 to 4 percent after an unemployment spell. The picture was the same whether it was the man or the woman who was … Read more

UK Legislative Lives: Illustrating Intersectional LGBTQI+ Lifecourse (In)equalities

Authors: Yvette Taylor,
Issue: 2020
Themes:

In attempting to convey some of the LGBTQI+ lives made possible and rendered impossible over time it is easy to fall into a simple narration of progress; that things are ‘getting better’, that younger generations are less homophobic and transphobic, and that queer lives have come out from underground, uplifted by legislation. Samia Singh designed … Read more

Parenthood Wage Gaps across the Life-Course: An Intersectional Comparison by Gender and Race

Read a longer summary from Zachary Van Winkle’s website. This paper aims to assess how parenthood wage gaps vary across individual lives for different gender and race groups in the United States. The research uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79 and NLSY97) covering the years 1979–2003 to map parenthood wage gaps … Read more

Trajectories of Life Satisfaction Before, Upon, and After Divorce: Evidence From a New Matching Approach

The new DIAL working paper by Scheppingen and Leopold Trajectories of Life Satisfaction Before, Upon, and After Divorce: Evidence from a New Matching Approach analyses how divorce influences life satisfaction. The results indicate that life satisfaction declines among divorcees, and that some declines last at least five years after the divorce. Van Scheppingen and Leopold … Read more

Intergenerational mobility, intergenerational effects, sibling correlations, and equality of opportunity: A comparison of four approaches

This working paper is also available in Swedish: Björklund, Anders och Markus Jäntti (2020), ”Hur viktig är familjebakgrunden för ekonomiska utfall? En jämförelse av fyra ansatser”, Ekonomisk Debatt årg 48:4, p.36-44. This paper compares four different ways of researching how family background affects our educational attainment and earnings: looking at intergenerational mobility; looking at how … Read more

Inequality of socio-emotional skills: a cross-cohort comparison

This paper shows that inequality in a crucial dimension of human capital – socio-emotional skills at age five – increased dramatically between two cohorts of British children born in 1970 and 2000. The authors used data from the British Cohort Study and the Millennium Cohort Study, which followed two cohorts of children born in 1970 … Read more

COVID‐19 and Inequalities

This paper brings together evidence from various data sources and the most recent studies to describe what we know so far about the impacts of the COVID‐19 crisis on inequalities across several key domains of life, including employment and ability to earn, family life and health. We show how these new fissures interact with existing … Read more

The Challenges for Labour Market Policy during the COVID‐19 Pandemic

The COVID‐19 pandemic is having a dramatic economic impact in most countries. In the UK, it has led to sharp falls in labour demand in many sectors of the economy and to initial acute labour shortages in other sectors. Much more than in a typical downturn, the current crisis is not simply a general slowdown … Read more

European Union Extended Working Life Policies: On Pension Systems, Public Finances and Biopolitical Disciplining

Authors: Clary Krekula,
Series: Issue: 13 2020
Themes: ,

This paper takes three key European Union documents on extended working lives (EWL) and looks at them from the perspective that policies are not entirely shaped by problems: in fact, problems are often shaped, in narrative terms, around policies. It concludes that the ‘problem’ which shapes much EU policy on EWL is questionable – the … Read more